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PROFESSIONAL - CON ARTISTS
Con Artist nownINFORMAL : A person who cheats or tricks others by persuading them to believe something that is not true.
1994 Tongva, A name made up and fabriecated by Non Gabrieleno frauds who manipulated Hilda Solis into believing there was two different tribes of the Los Angeles basin.
Pages H4431-H4432 From the Congressional Record Online throgh the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
INTRODUCTION OF THE GABRIELENO/TONGVA NATION ACT
Ms. SOLIS. Mr. Speaker, a long time ago the Gabrieleno and Tongva
Nation of California occupied the entire LA Basin and the islands of
Santa Catalina, San Nicholas and San Clemente, from Topanga Canyon to
Laguna Beach, from the San Gabriel Mountains to the sea. It was their
The California Gold Rush and railroad expansion assured that their
land was taken and today is one of the largest urban centers in the
world, but some things have not changed.
According to the Census figures, California's Native American
population of over 309,000 became one of the largest in the State of
California. Many of these Native Americans populate the area, making it
the city with the largest concentration of Gabrieleno Indians. Yet they
are not a federally recognized tribe.
It is not because they are not there. They are. They have been there
for many centuries. In fact, dating as far back as the 1700s, 1771 to
be exact, this Federal Government recognized the Gabrieleno and Tongva
Back in 1851, the U.S. Government sent Commissioner Barbour to
establish a treaty with the Indians of Los Angeles but was suddenly
called away, so that effort failed.
Back in 1852, the Superintendent of Indian Affairs, E.F. Beale, noted
numerous Indian populations within Los Angeles County.
Numerous scholars and academics have also noted the existence of this
nation, namely, Helen Hunt Jackson. In the mid-1880s she noted that the
Gabrieleno/Tongva were continuing to live in the San Gabriel area as
At the turn of the century, Hart Merriam and J.P. Harrington
indicated that there were some groups of the nation living at the Tejon
Reservation. It was further noted that one of the tribes represented at
the reservation was the Tongva of San Gabriel.
In the early 1900s, the Federal Government allowed nation members,
most of whom were \1/2\ Indian blood, to register at the Sherman Indian
School in Riverside, California.
The United States purchased land for the nation back in 1913, but by
1928 many nation members were still living in their traditional areas
of San Gabriel and identifying themselves as tribal members, as
evidenced by the California Indians' Jurisdictional Act.
Since 1928, the nation has participated in lobbying Congress via the
Mission Indian Federation and was even a plaintiff in the Indian Claims
Therefore, today I stand here to hopefully recognize and formalize
this relationship that Commissioner Barbour was sent to treat back in
1851. Over and over again the Gabrieleno Indians have been the victims
of bad timing or unfortunate circumstances, but nevertheless they exist
The bill federally recognizes the Gabrieleno Indians as a federally
recognized tribe that will be eligible for current grants and services
awarded to these entities. In a district like mine, this is a very
significant and historical piece of legislation. In the 31st District
of California, which is where I live and represent many, many
constituents who live in poverty, this is no strange thing for us to be
here today to recognize this very important tribe.
While Federal recognition would not guarantee necessarily food on
their table, it would make this community eligible for housing,
education, funds to clean the environment, and healthy care grants that
would undoubtedly make their lives better.
It is important to note that this State-recognized tribe is not
interested in gaming. In fact, they have turned away large companies
that would have paid for their attorneys to fight for this Federal
recognition. The tribe wants what is rightfully theirs, the recognition
that they are always and have always been original citizens and we
should treat them as such.
I ask my congressional colleagues here today to join me in providing
Federal recognition of the Gabrieleno/Tongva Indians.
Mr. Speaker, I yield back the balance of my time.
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